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WAS IST SCHEU? Zur Wort-/Begriffsgeschichte und zu einem Essay Joseph Jouberts (1815)

Zurück zum Heft: Archiv für Begriffsgeschichte. Band 56
DOI: 10.28937/9783787336685_4
EUR 16,90

›Shame‹/›Scham‹ has recently been dealt with in diverse contexts. This paper focuses on ›shyness‹/›Scheu‹=›Schamhaftigkeit‹/›pudeur‹ corresponding to ›aidos‹ and ›verecundia‹, retracing the history of the concept in German, French, Italian, and English language. ›Scheu‹/›shyness‹ implies aloofness, extreme sensitivities, physical reactions of bashfulness in men as well as in animals. The concept becomes quite widespread in the course of the 18th century, taking on sensualistic connotations. Rousseau presents himself as a victim and at the same time as a hero of ›pudeur‹/›crainte‹/›timidité‹. ›Scheu‹ becomes a characteristic attitude of the ›schöne Seele‹/›the beautiful soul‹ dear to German classicism and idealism but criticized by Hegel. In his outstanding essay Qu’est-ce que la pudeur? (1815) analyzed in this paper, the French philosopher Joseph Joubert argues for an ideal keeping apart from the world.