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Das Pasquill im frühneuzeitlichen Deutschland. Ein Kommunikationsmedium zwischen Schmähung und Kritik

Zurück zum Heft: Kulturwissenschaftliche Zeitschrift 1/2021, Schwerpunktheft: Invektive Gattungen
DOI: 10.2478/kwg-2021-0013
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The text deals with the genre ‘pasquill’ from the 16th to the 18th century in the German speaking world. Two strands of tradition can be ideally distinguished, which only gradually merge with each other. Originally, as in other regions of Europe, the Roman figure of the shoemaker Pasquino is adapted, who comments on actual politics or famous persons in mocking, more or less literary dialogues. This figure appears in printed works from the middle of the 16th century, mostly written by Protestants. At about the same time, the term ‘pasquill’ began to become synonymous with the mostly handwritten, anonymous libel, which is now increasingly criminalized by the authorities. The article characterises the early modern pasquill as a very special medium of communication, which served not only for personal defamation but also for objective criticism.