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Die Metapher in und zwischen den wissenschaftlichen Disziplinen im späten 19. Jahrhundert

Zurück zum Heft: Archiv für Begriffsgeschichte. Band 59: Metaphorologien der Exploration und Dynamik (1800/1900)
DOI: 10.28937/9783787335923_2
EUR 16,90

In the late 19th century, the discourse of ›metaphor‹ expands – often times metaphorically itself – from the realm of traditional rhetoric to aethesiophysiology, psychology, epistemology and cultural anthropology. This development may indicate the general capacities of metaphor to explore new concepts and to put the existing ›system of knowledge‹ of a specific period in ›motion‹. It may support intellectual exploration by providing a novel nomenclature to new thought (e.g.Nietzsche’s critique of knowledge), and it often serves to project sketchy mental notions which may eventually help to conceptualize a ›yet unknown‹ domain (e. g. Freud’s psychoanalysis). Moreover, metaphor may also stimulate the genesis and the structuring of academic disciplines in their entirety (e. g. Steinthal’s and Lazarus’s ›Völkerpsychologie‹). And it is a means as well to ensure cohesiveness and stability of a period’s system of knowledge as to prepare and to conduct general systemchange (e.g. Mauthner’s ›critique of language‹).