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Von Metaphysikkritik zu non-naturalistischen Ökologien

Zur Grundlagendiskussion von Kulturphilosophie

Zurück zum Heft: Zeitschrift für Kulturphilosophie 2023/1: Kulturphilosophie
DOI: 10.28937/9783787345069_3
EUR 16,90

Three phases of a cultural-philosophical criticism can be distinguished during the last 100 years: Firstly, the metaphysical critique of Heidegger, Wittgenstein, and Adorno; secondly, the poststructuralist critique of representation as put forward by Roland Barthes, Michel Foucault, and Jacques Derrida; and thirdly, ecological critiques as a countermovement, as emanating from Speculative Realism, New Materialism, and Latour’s Actor-Network-Theory. Beyond critiques of rationality and of power and discourse, ecological critiques situate the human being in the exterior, which in some traits allows a vitalism of matter to return. Most importantly, ecologism, where it sees itself as relationalism, confuses network relations with interpersonal relationships, which are always already socially terminated. Consequently, they prefer ontology over social philosophy.